Have a Question? Read our FAQ before you contact us.
PAMSP is looking forward to the 2014 training season however;
the course schedules are not quite ready yet. Please check back later.

Frequently Asked Questions


Click on a question you want to have answered.

3WBRC General Questions
How much does the 3WBRC cost?
Where are 3WBRC courses offered?
How is a 3-wheel motorcycle defined?
Is the 3WBRC right for me?
May I have a passenger during the 3WBRC?
What are the requirements to participate in a 3WBRC?
If I am under 18 years of age, can I take the 3WBRC?

3WBRC Permit Questions
Do I need to have a motorcycle license or permit for the 3WBRC?
Do I need my permit to register for a class?
How do I get my motorcycle learner's permit?
My motorcycle learner's permit has expired. How do I get an extension?
I lost my motorcycle learner's permit. How can I obtain another permit?

What You'll Need To Be Prepared
How can I prepare for the 3WBRC?
Do I need to bring my own 3-wheel motorcycle or riding gear?
What should I bring to class?
What common problems can I avoid that might surprise me?
What should I bring with me the day of the skills test? Do I need to bring a licensed driver?

3WBRC Participation Questions
If I pass the 3WBRC, will I automatically become a licensed rider?
How do I get the 9 restriction removed from my license if I want to operate a two-wheel motorcycle?
What if I fail the 3WBRC skills test?
If I passed the motorcycle knowledge test but failed the skills test three times, do I need to apply for another motorcycle learner's permit?
If I need more practice, can I take the 3WBRC more than one time?
After I pass the course, how long does it take to receive my updated motorcycle license?
I lost my course completion card. How do I get a replacement card?

Other Questions
How do I contact PAMSP?

What does it cost to take the 3WBRC?


The 3WBRC is FREE to Pennsylvania residents with a valid Pennsylvania Class 'C' driver's license with a Class 'M' endorsement or a valid Class 'M' permit.

The Pennsylvania Motorcycle Safety Program is funded through fees that you pay when you obtain, renew or replace a motorcycle permit or license.

Out-of-state residents pay $200 to take the 3WBRC.

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Where are 3WBRC courses offered?

3WBRC courses are currently offered at several locations across the Commonwealth. Upcoming courses are currently scheduled at the following locations:

Please select the site number on the Find a Course page for information on times and dates of the 3WBRC course offerings.

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How is a 3-wheel motorcycle defined?

A 3-wheel motorcycle must meet the following design requirements:
  1. Three-track wheel orientation (leaves three separate tracks during straight-line operation)
    • Dual wheels may be in the front or the rear
  2. Motorcycle-based conversion or design
    • Handlebar steering
    • Motorcycle–type controls arranged with the standard convention (convenience alterations such as single brake pedal or lever control, automatic clutch or automatic transmission are allowed)
    • Saddle seating: seating causes rider to straddle vehicle
  3. Turning diameter of the vehicle at its widest point must be less than 40'
  4. The vehicle must meet all applicable federal/state on-road vehicle standards
Under no circumstance will vehicles with the following designs be allowed in the 3WBRC
  • Automotive hybrids or automotive conversions
  • Vehicles with automotive controls or seating
  • Vehicles with rear or front mounted engines (engines must be mounted mid-frame below the rider)
  • Vehicles with enclosed or semi-enclosed riding compartments
  • Any other radical departure from the standard controls of motorcycles
Note: The 3WBRC is not specifically designed for a motorcycle with a sidecar or a detachable kit and is not recommended for participation in this course.

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Is the 3WBRC right for me?

The 3WBRC is an entry-level, learn-to-ride training and education course. Participants learn fundamental riding skills and safety strategies similar to what is provided in the MSF Basic RiderCourse, but on three wheels.

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May I have a passenger during the 3WBRC?

No. The 3WBRC is an entry–level, learn-to-ride training and education course. Passengers or the use of trailers will not be permitted in the course.

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What are the requirements to participate in a 3WBRC?

Valid Class 'C' driver's license with Class 'M' endorsement OR a Class 'M' motorcycle permit.

Motorcycle Requirements:

  • Your own 3-wheel motorcycle and enough gas for the entire class. Please note: If you are using someone else's 3-wheel motorcycle, you will need to have written permission from the registered owner. Current registration, proof of insurance and inspection are required.

Required Riding Gear:

  • Long pants and long-sleeved shirt or jacket. Note: To adjust to changing temperatures, layers are your best bet. Try a jacket with a long-sleeved shirt underneath. Layers, layers, layers.
  • Over-the-ankle sturdy shoes or boots and full-fingered gloves.
  • Eye protection.
  • Helmet that meets D.O.T. standards. *You are required to wear a helmet during the safety course. (Regardless of your riding experience.)

Loud Pipes Lose Sites! Please note: We are guests at our training sites. Loud 3-wheel motorcycle pipes jeopardize the use of the sites for all students. When you ride your own 3-wheel motorcycle to class, please respect our site sponsors by being as quiet as possible.

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If I am under 18 years of age, can I take the 3WBRC?

Yes, as of August 31st, 2012 the Act 84 law requires all 16-and 17-year olds wishing to obtain their motorcycle license to first complete the 3-Wheel Basic RiderCourse (3WBRC). Before taking the licensing test, 16 and 17 year olds must remain on their learner’s permit for six-months to meet their eligibility date and complete 65 hours of supervised riding. The 15 hour BRC counts toward the total 65 hour requirement. Persons under 18 years of age must also show the DL-180C form signed by the parent or guardian that attests to the 65 hours of supervised riding being completed. Those not meeting these requirements will receive a Motorcycle Safety Foundation completion card only if they successfully complete the course. Upon returning to the course for licensing once the requirements have been met, the minor must present their MSF completion card to the examiner.

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Do I need to have a motorcycle license or permit for the 3WBRC?

For the 3WBRC you will need either a valid Class M permit or Class M license. You MUST have a valid class M permit or license for the entire class.

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Do I need my permit to register for a class?
Yes. You may obtain a Class M permit at your local PennDOT Driver License Exam Center.

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How do I get my motorcycle learner's permit?

Click on the link below for information on motorcycle learner's permits:

http://www.dot3.state.pa.us/faq/faq-mcpermit.shtml

NOTE: You MUST have a valid class M permit for the entire class.

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My motorcycle learner's permit has expired. How do I get an extension?

Click on the link below for information on motorcycle learner's permits:

http://www.dot3.state.pa.us/faq/faq-mcpermit.shtml

NOTE: You must have a valid class M permit for the entire class.

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I lost my motorcycle learner's permit. How can I obtain another permit?

Click on the link below for information on motorcycle learner's permits:

http://www.dot3.state.pa.us/faq/faq-mcpermit.shtml

NOTE: You must have a valid class M permit for the entire class.

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How can I prepare for the 3WBRC?

Here is a good place to start.

Welcome to the Ride
This 5-minute video introduces the many diverse aspects of street motorcycling. Welcome to the club... Welcome to the passion... welcome to the ride!

Basic RiderCourse Highlights
This 5-minute video is a capsule summary of the Basic RiderCourse training program. While this training aid is not 3-wheel specific, the message and techniques are nearly identical in most circumstances.

  1. Preview the 3WBRC Student Handbook. This will help you to prepare for the class and the knowledge test.
  2. There are 112 questions located in the back of the book. These questions will be reviewed during the classroom portion of the course.

Note: You can view the Student Handbook but it cannot be printed or downloaded.

OR

  1. Review the PennDOT Motorcycle Operator's Manual or “MOM” at www.dmv.state.pa.us/pdotforms/pa_forms_manuals/pub147.pdf
    Note: The MOM can be downloaded for you to print.
  2. Take the Basic RiderCourse review and the quiz! Select • Basic RiderCourse for the review and quiz.
  3. Observe a course. Check the schedule and stop by and watch. By watching the exercises, you will have a better idea of what to expect.

For safety reasons please do not disturb the class and observe from a safe distance.

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Do I need to bring my own 3-wheel motorcycle or riding gear?

Yes. In the 3WBRC, students provide their own 3-wheel motorcycle. Helmets are provided if you do not have your own. Regardless of your riding experience, you are required to wear a helmet during the riding portion of your class. You must provide and are required to use your own eye protection, long sleeved shirt or jacket, full-fingered gloves, long pants and sturdy over-the-ankle footwear. Appropriate clothing for various weather conditions is your responsibility. Be prepared.

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What should I bring to class?

The course is held rain or shine in varying temperatures. Be prepared with rain gear, layers of clothing, snacks and water. Bring a pen with black ink and a highlighter for the classroom portion of the course.

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What common problems can I avoid that might surprise me?

Problem - "It's raining. I didn't think I'd really need the rain gear!"

Solution – You will need rain gear! Be prepared. The course continues rain or shine. Only lightning storms result in a cancellation. We rarely cancel.

Most sites do not have indoor shelter. Even in warm weather, you can develop hypothermia if it rains. Be smart, stay dry.


Problem - "I'm too hot." The heavy jacket that was "just right" in the morning is now too hot in the afternoon sun.

Solution – Wear layers. Temperatures can vary greatly as the day wears on. Be comfortable.

A long-sleeved shirt under a jacket or sweat shirt can be the perfect combo.

Avoid heat exhaustion and dehydration, layer-up. You want to be comfortable throughout the day!


Problem - "I'm too cold." It was freezing in the morning. I couldn't concentrate I was shaking so badly.

Solution – Wear layers. Temperatures can vary greatly as the day wears on. Be comfortable.

A long sleeved shirt under a jacket or sweat shirt can be the perfect combo.

Avoid hypothermia by layering your clothing. You want to be comfortable throughout the day! To avoid dehydration, bring plenty of fluids.


Problem - "I'm feeling shaky and weak."

Solution – Bring snacks and plenty of fluids. Hunger and dehydration can work against you. You want to be your best throughout the day. Ten minute breaks are provided. There are no lunch breaks or time to run out and get something.


Problem - "I feel exhausted."

Solution – Get plenty of rest before the class. The course is physically demanding. Depending on your schedule, you may be active for as much as 5 or 6 hours at a time.

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What should I bring with me the day of the skills test? Do I need to bring a licensed driver?

You will need to bring the following: your valid PA motorcycle (Class M) learner's permit and valid PA driver's license. You will not need to be accompanied by a driver with a motorcycle license.

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If I pass the 3WBRC, will I automatically become a licensed rider?

Yes. Upon successful completion of the 3WBRC, your learner's permit will be stamped as a valid PA motorcycle license and the requirement for you to test at the PennDOT Driver License Exam Center is waived. Please note that licensing through the 3WBRC requires a restriction 9 code be placed on your license which prohibits you from operating a two wheeled vehicle.

The Department of Transportation will issue a motorcycle license within 120 days of successful completion of the 3WBRC. You will also receive a completion card from the Motorcycle Safety Foundation at the time you complete the course. Some insurance companies offer a reduced rate for successful completion of our 3WBRC. You may need to provide a copy of your Motorcycle Safety Foundation completion card. Contact your insurance provider for further details.

EXCEPTION: In addition to completing the BRC, 16-and 17-year-old riders must complete a six-month motorcycle skill building period to meet their eligibility date (6 months from the date of issue) and provide a 65 hour certification form (DL-180C) to receive a motorcycle license. Those not meeting these requirements will receive an MSF completion card only. Upon returning to the course for licensing once the requirements have been met, the minor must present their MSF completion card to the examiner.

IMPORTANT: We recommend that you laminate your completion card and keep it in a safe place. The Motorcycle Safety Program maintains records for class completion cards for only 5 years.

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How do I get the 9 restriction removed from my license if I want to operate a two wheeled motorcycle?

In order to get the 9 restriction removed from your license, you will have to retest on an appropriate motorcycle. Students wishing to have the 9 restriction removed from their license are directed to call PennDOT at 1-800-932-4600 and request a special motorcycle learner's permit.

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What if I fail the 3WBRC skills test?

You will be required to repeat all of the Level 2 range exercises before taking the skills test again. If you are unable to schedule a "re-ride" in the same season that you completed the classroom and range exercises, you must re-take the entire course (classroom and range exercises) in order to take the skills test.

To schedule a re-ride, you must make arrangements with RiderCoach staff at the location where you took the skills test. They will fit you into an upcoming class when openings become available. To get scheduled promptly and before the end of the season, contact your RiderCoach or the Site Coordinator as soon as possible. Do not register for another class.

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If I passed the motorcycle knowledge test but failed the skills test three times, do I need to apply for another motorcycle learner's permit?

Yes, please click on the link below for more information on motorcycle learner's permits:

http://www.dot3.state.pa.us/faq/faq-mcpermit.shtml

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If I need more practice, can I take the 3WBRC more than one time?

Yes! We encourage students who wish to improve their skills to take the course again. More practice helps both novice and experienced riders. Motorcycling is a perishable skill. Ongoing practice and skill building are essential for safe street riding.

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After I pass the course, how long does it take to receive my updated motorcycle license?

The Department of Transportation will issue a motorcycle license within 120 days of successful completion of the training. Please be patient and wait until close to the 120 days to contact our office. If you do not receive an "update card" for your motorcycle license, contact the Motorcycle Safety Program by email at Motorcycle Safety .

Please note that licensing through the 3WBRC requires a restriction 9 code be placed on your license which prohibits you from operating a two wheeled vehicle.

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I lost my course completion card. How do I get a replacement card?

Our policy is to issue a new card ONLY if you completed the course since 2002. You may request a replacement card by sending a self-addressed stamped envelope with your name, address, phone number, email address, driver license number, date of birth and the location where you took the class to:

PA Motorcycle Safety Program
Department of Transportation
P.O. Box 69010
Harrisburg, Pa 17106-9010

IMPORTANT: We recommend that you laminate your completion card and keep it in a safe place.


How do I contact PAMSP?

98% of the questions we receive are answered above in our FAQs. Before contacting us directly, make sure you've read through them. There are separate FAQs for the BRC, BRC2, 3WBRC, and ARC so if you did not see your answer here, it might be in the other FAQs.

If you still cannot find an answer to your question, you may inquire by email to:
Motorcycle Safety

Our registration line is also available Monday - Friday from 12 noon to 4pm for contact by phone at: (800)845-9533

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